Androgenetic alopecia affects even every third man. This is the most common type of baldness, manifested by weakness and hair loss from the temple and forehead.
Androgenetic alopecia is the most common type of baldness affecting primarily men. Every third man between 25 and 40 has problems with hair loss.
What are the causes of androgenetic alopecia in men?
Androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss in men (up to 95% of cases). It is also often called male pattern baldness because it affects men more often than women and results from the activity of male hormones. The symptoms of baldness may appear after the age of 20, in which case we have a severe form of baldness. Usually, the symptoms increase proportionally with age, and may also appear after the age of 40.
Androgenetic alopecia is a disease with poorly recognized causes, among which hereditary genetic changes and causes conditioned by external factors are mentioned. It is a condition with which it is sometimes difficult to reconcile and whose treatment is important primarily due to the low self-esteem of people affected and the resulting psychological problems.
Causes of male androgenic hair loss
The direct cause of hair loss in the area of the temple and the top of the head is the activity of androgens – male hormones responsible for the proper development of male sex characteristics and sexual functions. The basic hormone belonging to androgens is testosterone, which affects the formation of sex and secondary sexual characteristics in men. Androgens regulate hair growth, stimulating their growth on the face, but they are also responsible for their disappearance at the temples and the top of the head.
Among the indirect causes affecting the development of androgenetic alopecia are also mentioned: stress and poor living conditions, smoking cigarettes and taking supplements that increase muscle mass, which deregulate the hormonal balance.
Recent research by scientists at the University of Edinburgh has proven that the causes of baldness can be more complicated. Genetic research has identified 287 genetic regions associated with this condition. By developing more accurate patterns for predicting disease on the basis of genetic markers, more effective methods for its prevention and treatment will be developed in the future.